Quilting Tutorials

How to Make a Four-Patch Quilt Block: Essential Building Blocks of Quilting

four-patch quilt block layout

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When it comes to simple, straightforward blocks, the four-patch quilt block is king!  If you’re just starting out on your quilting journey, you’ll want to get very familiar with this one. 

In an ongoing series, I’ll be taking you through some of the essential building blocks of quilts.  Up first is one of the most versatile and beloved ones: the Four-Patch Quilt Block.  So, grab your fabric and let’s get started!



What is a Four-Patch Quilt Block?

Before we dive into the nitty-gritty, let’s talk about what a Four-Patch Quilt Block actually is. In simple terms, it’s a block made up of four equal-sized squares arranged in a 2×2 grid.

The possibilities with this block are practically endless, making it perfect for both traditional and modern quilting projects. You can use it to create stunning quilts with repeating patterns or mix it up with other block designs.


Supplies for a Four-Patch Quilt Block

First things first, let’s gather our supplies. Fabric is the heart of any quilt, so take some time to choose fabrics that speak to you. Consider the colours and patterns you love, and don’t be afraid to mix and match to create a unique look. For beginners, cotton fabric is the best choice—it’s easy to work with and comes in a wide variety of prints.



Next, make sure you have the essential quilting tools. Here is a list of what I like to have on hand when making any quilting project:

Investing in quality tools will help you cut your fabric squares accurately and save you a lot of frustration in the process.


Basic Construction Techniques for a Four-Patch Quilt Block

Now, let’s dive into piecing the Four-Patch block together. It’s easier than you might think!

Start by cutting your fabric squares accurately.  Use your rotary cutter and quilting ruler to cut four squares of the same size.  Alternatively, if you are just learning, you might want to use precuts in 5-inch or 2 ½-inch squares.  Generally speaking, you will be using two different fabric prints for these squares – one light and one dark.

Lay out your squares as shown in the image below:


four-patch quilt block layout
A Four-Patch Block is simply a 2×2 grid with opposite fabrics diagonal to each other.


Next, take two of the squares and place them right sides together. Sew a 1/4-inch seam along one side. Repeat this step with the other two squares.  You can easily chain these together.

Now you have two rows with two squares each. Place the rows right sides together, ensuring that the seams of the squares match up. Sew a 1/4-inch seam along the edge to join the rows.  The two light fabrics should be diagonal to each other, as are the dark fabrics.

Press your seams.


To see the tutorial, you can watch my YouTube video here:




Versatility of the Four-Patch Quilt Block

What makes the Four-Patch block so amazing is its adaptability. By using different fabrics, you can achieve various effects. Combine bright and bold colours for a vibrant quilt, or go for a more subdued and calming look with pastels.

You can also play with the block’s size. Experiment with larger or smaller squares to create different quilt designs. Additionally, adding sashing (strips of fabric between blocks) and borders can give your quilt a polished and professional finish.


Tips for Achieving Perfect Four-Patch Blocks

Practice makes perfect, but a few tips can certainly help you along the way:

  • Consistent Seam Allowances: Pay attention to maintaining a 1/4-inch seam allowance throughout your sewing for consistent block sizes.  Of course, this is an important tip no matter what quilt block you are working on.
  • Nesting Seams: When joining the rows, make sure to align the seams of the squares so they “nest” together. This ensures a clean and tidy look.
  • Trimming and Squaring Up Blocks: After sewing, trim any excess fabric and square up your blocks to ensure they’re all the same size.


four-patch quilt block nesting seams
Press your seams to allow for nesting to create nice, clean points.


Classic Four-Patch Quilt Patterns for Beginners

Now that you’ve got the hang of constructing a Four-Patch block, you can explore some classic quilt patterns that use this block:

  • Disappearing Four-Patch: Start with a simple Four-Patch block and then cut it into smaller pieces. Rearrange the pieces to create a completely new and fascinating design.  Be sure to visit my shop and get my pattern for a Disappearing Four-Patch Pillow Cover.
  • Four-Patch Chain: This pattern involves linking the Four-Patch blocks together, creating a chain-like effect that’s both elegant and captivating.
  • Four-Patch Pinwheel: By rotating the squares strategically, you can achieve a delightful pinwheel pattern that’s perfect for kids’ quilts or cheerful home decor.


Designing Your Own Four-Patch Quilt

Feeling adventurous? You can design your own quilt using the Four-Patch block! Grab some graph paper and sketch out your ideas. Play with different block arrangements and sashing options until you find the perfect combination that speaks to you.

Looking to take your designs to the next level?  Using a program like EQ8 by Electric Quilt lets you create endless quilting wonders!  There are so many blocks to play with.  In fact, there are currently 49 different four-patch blocks to choose from.



Now that you’ve made it through the basics of the Four-Patch Quilt Block, you can embrace the creativity and fun that quilting offers. Whether you’re a traditionalist or a modern quilt enthusiast, the Four-Patch block is an incredible starting point for your quilting journey. So, keep practicing, experimenting, and, most importantly, enjoy the process!



Want to remember this?  Save “How to Make a Four-Patch Quilt Block: Essential Building Blocks of Quilting” to your favourite Pinterest boards!


four-patch quilt block layout


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Hi! I'm Tanya

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